This randomized phase III trial studies bortezomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone to see how well it works compared to carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone in treating patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Bortezomib and carfilzomib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as lenalidomide and dexamethasone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving bortezomib or carfilzomib together with lenalidomide and dexamethasone may kill more cancer cells.
Primary Objective: To compare the overall survival between two strategies of lenalidomide maintenance following induction with a proteasome inhibitor–IMiD combination: limited duration of maintenance (24 months) versus indefinite maintenance therapy until disease progression.
Phase IIIRead more